“In October 1966, two student activists, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in Oakland, California. The original purpose of the party was to create a security force to protect black residents from the local police. The Ten-Point Program of The Black Panther Party (BPP) included demands for full employment, decent housing, education for all, an end to police brutality, and the liberation of black men imprisoned in federal and state penitentiaries. Significantly, the tenth point in the BPP’s program demanded: “Land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace. And as our major political objective, a United Nations-supervised plebiscite to be held throughout the black colony in which only black colonial subjects will be allowed to participate, for the purpose of determining the will of black people as to their national destiny.”
In May 1967, BPP co-founder Bobby Seale, and a group of party members marched into the California State Capitol building, fully armed, to read a protest statement. The police immediately arrested all 30 Panthers in the demonstration, and the BPP became the target of extensive surveillance and disruption from the FBI and local law enforcement agencies.
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover referred to the BPP as “the greatest threat to the internal security of the country.” In 1967, when Fred Hampton was only 19 years old, the FBI established a file on him that would soon amount to thousands of pages.”
young people have always been in the vanguard of every revolution.